1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Danthonia DC.
      1. Danthonia alpina Vest

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & S. Europe to Caucasus.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms (10-)30-60(-70) cm long. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades convolute; 3-15 cm long; 1-2.5 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 2-5 fertile spikelets. Panicle contracted; linear; 2-5 cm long; bearing few spikelets. Primary panicle branches simple. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 10-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 10-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 10-20 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 10-20 mm long; 2-3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 5-7 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins ciliolate. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.25-0.33 of lemma length; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 6-10 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on apex of lobes; 2 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels winged; narrowly winged; ciliolate. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; rudimentary (awn-like).
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Europe: central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Asia-temperate: Caucasus and western Asia.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Fl Eur.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, North Caucasus, Romania, Spain, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

    Danthonia alpina Vest appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Davis [32238], Turkey K000702124
    Balls, E.K. [B3560], Greece K000702081
    Hooker [s.n.], Italy K000702090
    Thomas [s.n.], Switzerland K000702120
    Lister [s.n.], Turkey K000702123
    Gay, J. [s.n.], France K000702084
    Reverchon, E. [s.n.], France K000702086
    Rechinger [s.n.], Albania K000702080
    Muller [s.n.], Slovenia K000702121
    Maly, K. [s.n.], Bosnia & Herzegovina K000702076
    Pichler, T. [s.n.], Germany K000702115
    Borza, A. [344], Romania K000702103
    Bertoloni [s.n.], France K000702085
    Podpera, J. [291], Czech Republic K000702094
    Podpera, J. [550], Czech Republic K000702095
    s.coll. [s.n.], Italy K000702098
    s.coll. [s.n.], Hungary K000702101
    s.coll. [s.n.], Austria K000702112
    s.coll. [s.n.], Germany K000702116
    s.coll. [s.n.], Turkey K000702125
    Groves, H. [s.n.], Italy K000702088
    Maillard, A. [s.n.], France K000702082
    deValare, E. [1855], France K000702083
    deVerlare, E. [s.n.], Italy K000702087
    Triet [s.n.], Italy K000702089
    Rostan, E. [214], Italy K000702091
    Gennari, P. [s.n.], Italy K000702092
    Fiori, A [1413], Italy K000702093
    Weber, F. [380], Czech Republic K000702096
    Pavai, V. [s.n.], Romania K000702097
    Barth [1495], Romania K000702099
    Stanek, S. [92], Czech Republic K000702100
    deThaisz, L. [60], Hungary K000702102
    v. Degen, A. [4395], Hungary K000702104
    Laus, H. [s.n.], Germany K000702105
    Laus, H. [s.n.], Germany K000702106
    Barth, J. [s.n.], Hungary K000702107
    Portae, Petri [s.n.], Germany K000702108
    Freyer [1117], Germany K000702109
    Freyer [1117], Austria K000702110
    Grenier, C. [s.n.], Austria K000702111
    Richter, L. [336], Germany K000702113
    Denham [s.n.], Germany K000702114
    v. Csato, J. [s.n.], Austria K000702117
    Ortmann, J. [s.n.], Germany K000702118
    Muret [s.n.], Switzerland K000702119
    Ahles [330], Slovenia K000702122
    Czetz [s.n.], Romania K000702126
    Gilliat, B. [3394], Bosnia & Herzegovina K000702079
    McCallun-Webster, M. [4041], Yugoslavia K000702077

    First published in Flora 4: 145 (1821)

    Accepted by

    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0