1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Danthonia DC.
      1. Danthonia secundiflora J.Presl

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Guatemala, W. South America to Uruguay.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2500 - 4000 m.; Andes, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short. Basal innovations extravaginal. Culms 30-70 cm long; disarticulating at the nodes. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades filiform; involute; 5-50 cm long; 1-4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent; hairy adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; lanceolate, or elliptic; 2.5-13 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 7.5-23 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; bearded. Floret callus hairs 3-4 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 7.5-23 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; bearded. Floret callus hairs 3-4 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 7.5-23 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 7.5-23 mm long; 5-7 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 1.5-2.7 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma hairs 3-4 mm long. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.33 of lemma length; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 10-12 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on apex of lobes; 3-4 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea oblanceolate; 3.5-6 mm long; 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Cleistogene
    Cleistogenes present; in lower sheaths.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Fl Entre Rios 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Colombia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela

    Danthonia secundiflora J.Presl appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2005 Mendoza, M. [399], Bolivia K000702512
    Jan 1, 1998 Laegaard, S. [18700], Ecuador K000702499
    Jan 1, 1994 Laegaard, S. [101323], Ecuador K000702500
    Jan 1, 1994 Laegaard, S. [101723], Ecuador K000702501
    Jan 1, 1991 Laegaard, S. [54414], Ecuador K000702502
    Jan 1, 1991 Peterson, P.M. [9157], Ecuador K000702503
    Jan 1, 1972 Smith, L.B. [15804], Brazil K000702458
    Jan 1, 1972 Smith, L.B. [15480], Brazil K000702462
    Jan 1, 1972 Smith, L.B. [15514], Brazil K000702464
    Jan 1, 1972 Smith, L.B. [15587], Brazil K000702465
    Jan 1, 1972 Smith, L.B. [15660], Brazil K000702484
    Jan 1, 1972 Imaguire, N [623], Brazil K000702485
    Oct 1, 1961 Chase, A. [10091], Brazil K000702453
    Oct 1, 1961 Asplund, E. [10396], Ecuador K000702504
    Oct 1, 1961 Hackel [17900], Brazil K000702451
    Oct 1, 1961 Hackel [16600], Brazil K000702452
    Clayton, W.D. [4308], Brazil K000702489
    Wood, J.R.I. [10354], Bolivia K000702505
    Wood, J.R.I. [8871], Bolivia K000702506
    Wood, J.R.I. [11105], Bolivia K000702507
    Wood, J.R.I. [10863], Bolivia K000702508
    Wood, J.R.I. [10194], Bolivia K000702509
    Wood, J.R.I. [22660], Bolivia K000702510
    Wood, J.R.I. [21527], Bolivia K000702511
    Wood, J.R.I. [18902], Bolivia K000702513
    Wood, J.R.I. [5401], Colombia K000702515
    Wood, J.R.I. [3759], Colombia K000702517
    Wood, J.R.I. [4629], Colombia K000702518
    Wood, J.R.I. [3619], Colombia K000702537
    Wood, J.R.I. [4525], Colombia K000702538
    Wood, J.R.I. [3728], Colombia K000702539
    Hatschbach, G. [20022], Brazil K000702468
    Hatschbach, G. [20155], Brazil K000702469
    Hatschbach, G. [32992], Brazil K000702470
    Hatschbach, G. [24943], Brazil K000702471
    Hatschbach, G. [22670], Brazil K000702472
    Hatschbach, G. [45685], Brazil K000702473
    Hatschbach, G. [28242], Brazil K000702474
    Silva, J.M. [3285], Brazil K000702475
    Eiten, G. [6942], Brazil K000702456
    Soderstrom, T.R. [1330], Colombia K000702516
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17899], Rio de Janeiro K000308587
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17899], Rio de Janeiro K000308588
    Dusen, P. [391a], Brazil K000702480
    Dusen, P. [13332], Brazil K000702481
    Smith, L.B. [13787], Brazil K000702457
    Smith, L.B. [7310], Brazil K000702459
    Smith, L.B. [15860], Brazil K000702460
    Smith, L.B. [13027], Brazil K000702463
    Dusén, P. [13367], Paraná K000308585
    Laegaard, S. [70396], Ecuador K000702495
    Klein, R. [3594], Brazil K000702461
    Glaziou, A.F.M. [17389], Brazil K000702455
    Cordeiro, J. [1695], Brazil K000702466
    Cordeiro, J. [1701], Brazil K000702467
    Cordeiro, J. [2136], Brazil K000702476
    Cordeiro, J. [2138], Brazil K000702477
    Cordeiro, J. [2137], Brazil K000702478
    Rosengurtt [B 6510b], Uruguay K000308597
    Rosengurtt [11330], Uruguay K000702540
    Rosengurtt [B-8257], Uruguay K000702542
    Klein, R.M. [12052], Brazil K000702479
    Dombrowski, L.T. [6463], Brazil K000702482
    Dombrowski, L.T. [9797], Brazil K000702483
    Dombrowski, L.T. [2104; 1830], Brazil K000702487
    Dombrowski, L.T. [5544], Brazil K000702488
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K000702454
    Berg, A. [99-30-A1], Venezuela K000702496
    Berg, A. [97-40-18], Venezuela K000702497
    [Munro?] [s.n.], Brazil K000702449
    Hackel [16594], Brazil K000702450
    Ferreira, L.F. [105], Brazil K000702486
    Duno, R. [1592], Venezuela K000702498
    Arrillaga [958], Uruguay K000702541

    First published in C.B.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 255 (1830)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0