1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Desmazeria Dumort.
      1. Desmazeria sicula (Jacq.) Dumort.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Spain, SW. Sardegna, W. Sicilia, S. Italy, N. Algeria, NE. Tunisia, Libya.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 8-25 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1.4-2.5 mm long; erose. Leaf-blades 2-13 cm long; 1-2.5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface ribbed.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; oblong; unilateral; 2-4 cm long. Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; 0.5-1 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 8-20 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 5-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes obscured by lemmas.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 8-20 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 5-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes obscured by lemmas.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 2.5-3 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 3-3.5 mm long; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 3.5-4 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; 7 -veined. Lemma midvein scaberulous. Lemma lateral veins with distinct primaries but obscure intermediates. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy below; with capitate hairs. Lemma hairs 0.2 mm long. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels winged; narrowly winged; ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 3 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; dorsally compressed; concavo-convex. Embryo 0.33 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Europe: southwestern and southeastern. Africa: north.
    Reference
    Poeae. WDC.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Italy, Libya, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia

    Desmazeria sicula (Jacq.) Dumort. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Comment. Bot.: 27 (1822)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0