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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Central China (Yunnan) to Myanmar.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; woody. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Leaf-sheaths pubescent. Ligule an eciliate membrane; truncate. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 20-22 cm long; 23-35 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 1 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; 1.5-3 cm long; dense; 0.5-1 cm between clusters; pubescent on internodes; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters. Fertile spikelets sessile.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 3 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 3 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes suppressed between florets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes two, or several; 2-3 empty glumes; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; chartaceous; 1-keeled; keeled above. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 4 mm long; chartaceous; 1-keeled; keeled above. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex obtuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile florets increasing in size upwards. Fertile lemma ovate; 4.5-5.5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea oblong; 1 length of lemma; chartaceous; 2-keeled but the uppermost without keels. Palea keels ciliate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules absent. Anthers 6; 3 mm long; anther tip apiculate. Filaments united in a tube. Stigmas 1. Ovary pubescent on apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
Distribution
Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: Indo-China.
Reference
Bambuseae. Camus 2002.

Native to:

China South-Central, Myanmar

Dendrocalamus birmanicus A.Camus appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., sér. 2, 4: 1044 (1932)

Accepted by

  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0