1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Desmazeria Dumort.
      1. Desmazeria philistaea (Boiss.) H.Scholz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Medit.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 10-30 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3 mm long; lacerate. Leaf-blades 2-7 cm long; 1-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex abruptly acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle, or composed of racemes. Panicle open; oblong, or ovate; secund; 1.5-8 cm long. Primary panicle branches bearing 1-5 fertile spikelets on each lower branch. Racemes 1; single; unilateral. Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5-30 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 6-28 mm long; 3-5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes obscured by lemmas; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5-30 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; laterally compressed; compressed strongly; 6-28 mm long; 3-5 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes obscured by lemmas; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume oblong; 3 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 4 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins ribbed. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; ovate in profile; 4-4.5 mm long; coriaceous; much thinner on margins; keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma midvein scaberulous. Lemma lateral veins with distinct primaries but obscure intermediates. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy below; with capitate hairs. Lemma hairs 0.2 mm long. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 3-3.5 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; dorsally compressed; 2-2.2 mm long. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    Africa: north. Asia-temperate: western Asia.
    Reference
    Poeae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Egypt, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Palestine, Tunisia

    Desmazeria philistaea (Boiss.) H.Scholz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Boulos, L. [13654], Egypt Desmazeria philistaea subsp. rohlfsiana K000345185 holotype

    First published in Willdenowia 6: 291 (1971)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/