1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dichanthium Willemet
      1. Dichanthium panchganiense Blatt. & McCann

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. India.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect; 15-40 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 5-10 cm long; 3-6 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1-4; single, or paired, or digitate; 1-3 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete; ciliate on margins. Rhachis internodes linear. Raceme-bases filiform; 2-5 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; without a translucent median line; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 6-8 in number; barren, or male; elliptic, or oblong; 3-4 mm long. Basal sterile spikelet glumes pitted; pilose; tuberculate on margins and ciliate on margins. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas, or male; lanceolate; 4-5 mm long; longer than fertile; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes pitted; tuberculate on margins; ciliate on margins. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas enclosed by glumes; muticous. Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 3-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pubescent; base obtuse; attached transversely.
    Sterile
    Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 6-8 in number; barren, or male; elliptic, or oblong; 3-4 mm long. Basal sterile spikelet glumes pitted; pilose; tuberculate on margins and ciliate on margins. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; containing empty lemmas, or male; lanceolate; 4-5 mm long; longer than fertile; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes pitted; tuberculate on margins; ciliate on margins. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas enclosed by glumes; muticous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; obtuse; 3-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus pubescent; base obtuse; attached transversely.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; without keels. Lower glume surface pitted; pilose; hairy below. Upper glume lanceolate; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret hyaline. Fertile lemma linear; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex entire; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn apical; geniculate; 15-25 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn glabrous. Palea absent or minute.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. De Wet 1993.

    Distribution

    Dichanthium panchganiense Blatt. & McCann appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 32: 357 (1927)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0