1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dichanthium Willemet
      1. Dichanthium paranjpyeanum (Bhide) Clayton

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms geniculately ascending; 30-45 cm long; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-nodes pubescent. Lateral branches ample. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades 2.5-7.5 cm long; 2 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; hairy on both sides. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Peduncle flexuous; glabrous. Racemes 1; single; 1.2-2.5 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; flattened; ciliate on margins. Rhachis internodes linear. Rhachis internode tip transverse. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; without a translucent median line; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Basal sterile spikelets absent. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; oblong; 4-6 mm long; longer than fertile; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes chartaceous; winged on keels (above); 7-9 -veined; obtuse. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas enclosed by glumes; muticous. Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus square; pilose; base obtuse; attached transversely.
    Sterile
    Basal sterile spikelets absent. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; oblong; 4-6 mm long; longer than fertile; separately deciduous. Companion sterile spikelet glumes chartaceous; winged on keels (above); 7-9 -veined; obtuse. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas enclosed by glumes; muticous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 3-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus square; pilose; base obtuse; attached transversely.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; cartilaginous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Lower glume surface flat. Lower glume margins ciliolate (at tip). Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 2.5-3 mm long; hyaline; 0 -veined; without midvein; without lateral veins; ciliate on margins; obtuse. Fertile lemma linear; 2.5 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; with linear lobes; incised 0.2 of lemma length; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 40 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn glabrous. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Dichanthium paranjpyeanum (Bhide) Clayton appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Bhide, R.K. [s.n.], India K000245831 isotype
    Bhide, R.K. [s.n.], India K000245830 isotype
    Bhide, R.K. [s.n.], India K000245653 isotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 32: 579 (1978)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0