1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dichelachne Endl.
      1. Dichelachne crinita (L.f.) Hook.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is New Guinea to Australasia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 50-100 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1 mm long. Leaf-blades 10-20 cm long; 3-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; linear; 8-20 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 5 mm long; 1.25 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scaberulous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex attenuate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4 mm long; cartilaginous; keeled; lightly keeled; 1 -veined. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse (easily splitting); awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.5-0.66 way up back of lemma; flexuous; 20-25 mm long overall; 4-6 length of lemma. Palea 0.75 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels approximate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 2; 0.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Endosperm liquid.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Papuasia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: southwestern, south-central, and north-central.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Tothill.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Chatham Is., Kermadec Is., New Guinea, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia

    Introduced into:

    Easter Is., Hawaii, Niue

    Dichelachne crinita (L.f.) Hook.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 1971 Gunn, R.C. [988], Australia K000913401 isotype
    Nov 1, 1971 Gunn, R.C. [589], Tasmania K000913404 isotype
    Nov 1, 1971 Sieber, F.W. [86], Tasmania K000913403 isotype
    Australia K000484084
    Brown, R. [6210], Australia K000356727
    Landrein, S. [7], New Zealand K000351762
    Cunningham, A. [104], New South Wales K000913407
    s.coll. [s.n.], Australia K000913406
    s.coll. [10], Tasmania K000913405
    Spicer, W.W. [s.n.], Australia K000913402

    First published in Fl. Nov.-Zel. 1: 293 (1853)

    Accepted by

    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0