1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Daucus L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Europe to Pakistan, N. Africa, Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa, Madagascar, SW. Arabian Peninsula, Australia, New Zealand, N. America, Andes to S.

    [FZ]

    Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    Annual or perennial herbs, weak-stemmed, often semi-scandent to more than 1m., variably hispid to hirsute.
    Leaves
    Leaves long-petiolate, 2× 4 times pinnatisect, ovate to deltate in outline.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of compound umbels, with very short rays and appearing subcapitate, or long-rayed.
    Flowers
    Outer flowers of the umbel hermaphrodite, the inner and central usually male.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes 0·5–2 mm. long, acute.
    Corolla
    Petals greenish or yellowish-white, sometimes tinged pink. Outer petals of the outer flowers slightly radiate.
    Fruits
    Mericarps 4·5–7·0 × 1·5–2·5 mm., oblong. Secondary ribs 4, each with a single row of stout spines, sometimes purple-coloured, spreading in one plane. Primary ribs 5, each with 2–3 rows of irregularly arranged hairs with tapering ends and swollen bases, the surface tuberculate.
    Spines
    Spine surfaces striate, with glochidiate apices (Spines and hairs much reduced in some specimens).
    Seeds
    Seed semicircular, deeply grooved to angled.
    Vittae
    Vittae under the secondary ribs and in the commissural face.
    [FTEA]

    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Weak annual or perennial herbs, erect to straggling or scrambling, furnished with bristly ± tuberculate-based hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves 2–4-pinnate
    Inflorescences
    Umbels compound (the rays sometimes obsolete and then appearing simple), pedunculate, leaf-opposed; bracts and bracteoles several, linear
    Flowers
    Flowers polygamous, hermaphrodite and (usually the inner flowers of the partial umbels and sometimes entire inner partial umbels) ♂
    Calyx
    Calyx-teeth distinct, narrow, acute
    Corolla
    Petals white to greenish or purplish black
    Fruits
    Fruit oblong-ellipsoid, dorsally compressed; primary ribs slender, with 2–3 rows of ± divergent, whitish, tuberculate-based hairs; secondary ribs very prominent, with a single row of densely set, glochidiate-tipped, stout spines; vittae solitary beneath each secondary rib, commissure broad and bivittate with the vittae close together centrally; stylopodia shortly conical, tapering into the short and rigid or more slender style; carpophore not separating
    Seeds
    Endosperm depressed-pentagonal in section, narrowly sulcate at the centre of the commissural face.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Burundi, California, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Honduras, Hungary, Illinois, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Madeira, Malawi, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, New Mexico, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Carolina, Northern Territory, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Queensland, Romania, Rwanda, Sardegna, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, South Australia, South Carolina, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Victoria, Virginia, Western Australia, Western Sahara, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Andaman Is., Angola, Bangladesh, China North-Central, Colorado, Cuba, Desventurados Is., Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Finland, Hainan, Haiti, India, Inner Mongolia, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kentucky, Kermadec Is., Korea, Leeward Is., Manchuria, Mauritius, Nicobar Is., Norfolk Is., North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Rodrigues, Réunion, Tibet, Trinidad-Tobago, Vermont, West Siberia, Xinjiang

    Daucus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 242 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0