1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dinochloa Buse
      1. Dinochloa andamanica Kurz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands, Myanmar to Thailand.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms prostrate, or scandent; zigzag; 2000-3000 cm long; 25 mm diam.; woody; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-internodes terete; thin-walled; 23-46 cm long. Culm-nodes swollen. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement several; with 1 branch dominant; as thick as stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous; 0.25 length of internode. Culm-sheath blade triangular; as wide as sheath at base. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 23-30 cm long; 50-75 mm wide. Leaf-blade midrib conspicuous. Leaf-blade venation with 14-18 secondary veins; with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface smooth. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; filiform.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; dense; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between branches. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; persistent; shorter than spikelet. Upper glume ovate; chartaceous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 1.5-2 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 5-7 -veined. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea orbicular; involute; coriaceous; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Indo-China.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Seeth. & Kumar 2002.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Thailand

    Dinochloa andamanica Kurz appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 1, 1993 Kerr, A.F.G. [15621], Thailand K000631413
    Apr 1, 1993 Kerr, A.F.G. [15621], Thailand K000631414
    Apr 1, 1993 Kerr, A.F.G. [18605], Thailand K000631415
    Apr 1, 1993 Kerr, A.F.G. [18605], Thailand K000631416
    Apr 1, 1993 Kerr, A.F.G. [18605], Thailand K000631417
    Apr 1, 1993 Kerr, A.F.G. [18605], Thailand K000631418
    Apr 1, 1993 Kerr, A.F.G. [18605], Thailand K000631419
    Kurz, S. [s.n.], India K000912016
    Kurz, S. [s.n.], India K000912018
    Telinek, C. [259], India K000912017

    First published in J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 42: 253 (1873)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0