1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dinochloa Buse
      1. Dinochloa elmeri Gamble

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Philippines (Luzon).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms erect; zigzag; 40-50 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled. Lateral branches dendroid. Leaf-sheaths puberulous. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-2 mm long. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath; petiole 0.1-0.2 cm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 5-7 cm long; 6-15 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation indistinct; with 6-8 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 4.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 1 mm long. Lower glume surface puberulous. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex emarginate. Upper glume ovate; 1.5 mm long. Upper glume surface puberulous. Upper glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume apex emarginate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma orbicular; 2.5-4 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent. Lemma apex emarginate; mucronate. Palea involute; coriaceous; 2-keeled (above).
    Flowers
    Anthers 6; 3 mm long; anther tip with extended connective. Stigmas 2-3. Ovary umbonate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; oblong; isodiametric; 4 mm long. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Gamble 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Philippines

    Dinochloa elmeri Gamble appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 6, 1912 Elmer, A.D.E. [6542], Philippines K000291006 isotype
    Elmer, A.D.E. [6542], Philippines K000291004 isotype
    Elmer, A.D.E. [6542], Philippines K000291005 isotype

    First published in Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 280 (1910)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0