1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dinochloa Buse
      1. Dinochloa luconiae (Munro) Merr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Borneo to Philippines.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms scandent; zigzag; 10-20 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; antrorsely scabrous. Culm-nodes swollen. Lateral branches dendroid. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface, or puberulous. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty. Ligule an eciliate membrane; pubescent on abaxial surface. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded; with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 6-13 cm long; 10-16 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with 8-12 secondary veins. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between branches. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes two; persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 1 mm long. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume ovate; 2 mm long. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma orbicular; 3 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea involute; 1 length of lemma; coriaceous; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 6; 2 mm long; anther tip with extended connective and pubescent. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; oblong; isodiametric; 4 mm long. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Gamble 1996.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Borneo, Philippines

    Dinochloa luconiae (Munro) Merr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aguilar, S. [11163], Philippines Dinochloa aguilarii K000290818 isotype

    First published in Enum. Philipp. Fl. Pl. 1: 100 (1923)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Masamune, G. (1942). Enumeratio phanerogamarum Bornearum: 1-739. Taihoku, Formosa.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0