1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dinochloa Buse
      1. Dinochloa scandens (Blume ex Nees) Kuntze

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Andaman and Nicobar Islands to W. Malesia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; pachymorph. Culms scandent; zigzag; 15-25 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; thick-walled; distally pubescent. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; with 1 branch dominant; as thick as stem. Culm-sheaths deciduous but leaving a persistent girdle (girdle rugose); auriculate. Culm-sheath blade lanceolate; 8 cm long. Leaf-sheaths pubescent. Leaf-sheath oral hairs scanty. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 15-25 cm long; 25-35 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence bractiferous; clustered at the nodes; in globose clusters; 0.3 cm long; dense; with glumaceous subtending bracts; with axillary buds at base of spikelet; prophyllate below lateral spikelets; leafless between clusters. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume orbicular; 0.5 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblate; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 9 -veined. Upper glume apex cuspidate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblate; 1.8 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 9 -veined. Lemma apex cuspidate. Palea orbicular; involute; 1.2 length of lemma; coriaceous; 8 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 6; 4 mm long. Stigmas 3. Ovary umbonate; glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with fleshy pericarp; orbicular; 5 mm long. Endosperm evanescent.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Indo-China and Malesia.
    Reference
    Bambuseae. Gilliland.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Borneo, Jawa, Malaya, Nicobar Is., Thailand

    Dinochloa scandens (Blume ex Nees) Kuntze appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1969 Blume, C.L. [s.n.], Jawa K000912027
    Wong, K.M. [FRI 31855], Peninsular Malaysia K000795404
    Brand [24573], Malaysia 6455.000
    s.coll. [649], Jawa K000912028
    Elmer, A.D.E. [12059], Philippines Dinochloa macrocarpa K000290819 isotype
    Elmer, A.D.E. [12059], Philippines Dinochloa macrocarpa K000290820 isotype

    First published in Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 773 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0