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  1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Foeniculum Mill.

      1. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit to Ethiopia and W. Nepal.


    Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Biennial or perennial herbs with pinnately divided leaves, with filiform ultimate segments.
    Umbels compound, bracts and bracteoles 0–few.
    Sepals absent.
    Petals yellow with strongly inturned apices.
    Fruit narrowly ovoid, very slightly laterally compressed; ribs fairly robust and obvious at maturity.
    Vittae solitary in the furrows.

    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Glabrous, strongly aromatic biennial or perennial
    Leaves 3–4-pinnate, continually dissected into fine, capillary segments
    Umbels compound, numerous, leaf-opposed; involucre and involucel none
    Flowers polygamous
    Calyx-teeth absent
    Petals yellow, glabrous, strongly incurved at the tip and ± emarginate
    Fruit oblong-ellipsoid, only slightly compressed laterally, the mericarps scarcely narrowed to the broad commissure; primary ribs pale, conspicuous, stout and prominent, the marginal ribs not or scarcely larger than the dorsals; valleculae each with a single, broad, dark vitta; commissure with 2 vittae equalling or slightly smaller than the dorsal ones; stylopodia conical, somewhat elongating in fruit; carpophore deeply bifid
    Endosperm depressed-pentagonal, distinctly sulcate below the vittae
    One polymorphic species widely distributed in Europe, the Mediterranean and SW. Asia; even within this region its native area is blurred by naturalisation from cultivation as a condiment, which is its normal status in tropical Africa
    It is probably genuinely native in the Mediterranean region.



    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Chad, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Greece, Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Nepal, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Austria, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bermuda, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, California, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Germany, Great Britain, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, Hungary, Illinois, India, Inner Mongolia, Ireland, Jamaica, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Kenya, Korea, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Manchuria, Mauritius, Mexico Northwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Netherlands, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Niue, Norfolk Is., Northern Provinces, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Rodrigues, Romania, Réunion, Society Is., Somalia, South European Russi, St.Helena, Sudan, Switzerland, Tanzania, Tennessee, Thailand, Tibet, Ukraine, Uruguay, Vietnam, Windward Is., Xinjiang, Zimbabwe

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Foeniculum Mill. appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4: s.p. (1754)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.


    Flora Zambesiaca

    • Gard. Diet., abridg. ed. 4, 1 (1754).

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Gard. Dict., ed. 4 (abridged) (1754)


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.