1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Elymus L.
      1. Elymus czimganicus (Drobow) Tzvelev

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Asia to W. Himalaya.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Rhizomes short. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths. Culms geniculately ascending; 30-60 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades involute; 8-16 cm long; 2-3 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; glabrous, or puberulous; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; flexuous; bilateral; 6-9 cm long; bearing 4-9 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis flattened; scabrous on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; lax. Rhachis internodes linear; 10-12 mm long. Rhachis internode tip flat. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 12-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 12-15 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes collateral; persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume elliptic; 4-8 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume surface scabrous; rough on veins. Lower glume apex acute; muticous, or mucronate. Upper glume elliptic; 4-8 mm long; 0.5-0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume surface scabrous; rough on veins. Upper glume apex acute; muticous, or mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 9-10 mm long; coriaceous; 5 -veined. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn recurved at base of limb; 20-30 mm long overall. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia and China.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Fl Iran 1995.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Qinghai, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang

    Elymus czimganicus (Drobow) Tzvelev appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Rast. Tsentral. Azii 4: 22 (1968)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
    • Roshevitz, R.J. & al. (eds.) (1950). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 2: 1-315. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
    • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0