1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Elymus L.
      1. Elymus panormitanus (Parl.) Tzvelev

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to NE. Iran.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 65-90 cm long. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 2.5-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; glabrous, or pilose; hairy adaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; straight, or arcuate; bilateral; 10-20 cm long. Rhachis flattened. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; lax. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 15-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic to oblong; laterally compressed; 15-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 15-18 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins ribbed. Lower glume surface scabrous; rough on veins. Lower glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 1-3 mm long. Upper glume lanceolate; 15-18 mm long; 1.5-1.6 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins ribbed. Upper glume surface scabrous; rough on veins. Upper glume apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1-3 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate to oblong; 9-12 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; keeled above; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous; rough above. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 20-35 mm long overall. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; elliptic; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Europe: southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north. Asia-temperate: western Asia.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Kriti

    Native to:

    Algeria, Cyprus, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Palestine, Romania, Sicilia, Spain, Turkey, Yugoslavia

    Elymus panormitanus (Parl.) Tzvelev appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    illegible [872] K000674893
    Todaro, A. [s.n.], Italy K000674894
    Parlatore, F. [227], Italy K000674895 isotype

    First published in Spisok Rast. Gerb. Fl. S.S.S.R. Bot. Inst. Vsesojuzn. Akad. Nauk 18: 27 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/