1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Elytrophorus P.Beauv.
      1. Elytrophorus globularis Hack.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Congo, Tanzania to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Annual up to 60 cm tall, erect; leaf laminas up to 30 cm × 7 mm, glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 3–14 cm long, the glomerules globular, 5–11 mm in diameter, sometimes contiguous but scarcely confluent, the bracts usually exceeding the spikelets.
    Glume
    Glumes 2.6–4.5 mm long, lanceolate, crispate-hirsute; lemmas 3.6–4.8 mm long (including awn), ovate-lanceolate, acuminate to a short stiff awn-point; palea wings conspicuous and projecting from the sides of the lemma.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annual; culms 5–60 cm. high, erect.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades up to 25 cm. long and 6 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 3–20 cm. long, the glomerules 5–11 mm. in diameter, often contiguous but scarcely confluent, the bracts usually exceeding the spikelets, up to 10 mm. long, acicular.
    Spikelets
    Glumes subequal, 4.5–6 mm. long; lemma 3.5–5 mm. long (including awn), acuminate to a short stiff awn-point; palea-wings variously notched; lodicules 1–2; anthers 1–3, 0.3–2.2 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Wet depressions; 1500 m.
    Distribution
    Zambia to South Africa T5
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect; 5-60 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 5-25 cm long; 2-6 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle glomerate; linear; interrupted; 3-20 cm long; 0.5-1.1 cm wide. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 3-5 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets sessile; 3-5 in the cluster. Involucre composed of imperfect spikelets.
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets represented by single glumes; linear; 1.5-3 mm long; longer than fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet glumes membranous; 1 -veined; truncate; awned; with 1-5 mm long awn.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 4-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Companion sterile spikelets represented by single glumes; linear; 1.5-3 mm long; longer than fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet glumes membranous; 1 -veined; truncate; awned; with 1-5 mm long awn.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 4-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture. Lower glume lanceolate; 1.5-2 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 1-1.5 mm long. Upper glume lanceolate; 1.5-2 mm long; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1-1.5 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 2-3 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliate. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 1-2 mm long overall. Palea orbicular; 2 -veined. Palea keels winged; with toothed wings. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 1, or 2. Anthers 1-3; 1.5-2 mm long. Stigmas 2; sparsely hairy.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Congo, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Elytrophorus globularis Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Baum, H. [112], Angola K000367251 Unknown type material
    Pearson, H. H. W. [2015], Angola K000367250
    Phillips, J. [2288], Tanzania K000367252 Unknown type material

    First published in Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 2: 935 (1902)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1970). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 1: 1-176.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1970). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 1: 1-176.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 38 (1965).
    • Hack. in Bull. Herb. Boiss., sér. 2, 2: 935 (1902).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/