1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eragrostiella Bor
      1. Eragrostiella bifaria (Vahl) Bor

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Tanzania, Indian Subcontinent to Indo-China, Queensland.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths herbaceous; distinctly ribbed; glabrous; persistent and investing base of culm; with fibrous dead sheaths. Culms erect; 23-56 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.4-0.6 mm long. Leaf-blades filiform; convolute; 4-16 cm long; 0.6-2.1 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; erect; unilateral; 8-22 cm long. Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets ascending; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 9-50 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; straight, or curved; laterally compressed; 6-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; rhachilla persistent; retaining paleas; fragile above; with the distal florets falling as a whole.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 9-50 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; straight, or curved; laterally compressed; 6-20 mm long; breaking up at maturity; rhachilla persistent; retaining paleas; fragile above; with the distal florets falling as a whole.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate, or ovate; 1.7-6 mm long; 0.9-1.5 length of upper glume; cartilaginous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume oblong, or ovate; 1.8-4 mm long; 0.9-1.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; cartilaginous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile florets imbricate to tip. Fertile lemma ovate; 1.9-2.6 mm long; cartilaginous; dark green, or grey; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea ovate; 0.8-0.9 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels winged; narrowly winged; ciliolate. Palea apex entire; obtuse. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ovoid; isodiametric; trigonous; 0.5-0.6 mm long. Embryo 0.3 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Africa: northeast tropical and east tropical. Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Myanmar, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Thailand, West Himalaya

    Eragrostiella bifaria (Vahl) Bor appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1940 s.coll. [s.n.], India K000245119 Unknown type material
    Duthie, J.F. [4960], India K000907167
    Griffith, W. [s.n.], India K000907166
    s.coll. [41], India K001079381
    s.coll. [s.n.], India K001079380
    Blackman, A. H. [s.n.], Australia K000907177 Unknown type material

    First published in Indian Forester 66: 270 (1940)

    Accepted by

    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0