1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eragrostiella Bor
      1. Eragrostiella brachyphylla (Stapf) Bor

        This species is accepted, and its native range is India to Bangladesh, Sri Lanka.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths. Culms erect; 20-35 cm long; 2 -noded. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal; without demarcation between sheath and blade. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking, or bearded. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 0.7-1 mm long. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 6-12.5 cm long; 1.5-3 mm wide; coriaceous; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface smooth; glabrous. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous; scabrous. Leaf-blade apex obtuse; simple, or apiculate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; erect; unilateral; 8-18 cm long; 5-7.5 mm wide. Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets ascending; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 10-15 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; 1.5-2.75 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; rhachilla persistent; retaining paleas; fragile above; with the distal florets falling as a whole.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 10-15 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; 1.5-2.75 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; rhachilla persistent; retaining paleas; fragile above; with the distal florets falling as a whole.
    Glume
    Glumes lower persistent, upper deciduous; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate, or ovate; 1.5-2 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scaberulous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume oblong, or ovate; 1.5-2 mm long; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein smooth. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile florets imbricate to tip. Fertile lemma ovate; dorsally straight along back; 1.75-2.5 mm long; cartilaginous; pallid, or grey; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea ovate; 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels winged; narrowly winged; ciliolate. Palea surface glabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; isodiametric; 0.75 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Lazarides.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka

    Eragrostiella brachyphylla (Stapf) Bor appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wight, R. [3356], India K000245125
    Perrottet, G. [1306], India K000907176
    Wallich, N. [s.n.], India K000907168
    Wallich, N. [134], India K000907169
    Ritchie, D. [851], India K000907171
    Falconer, H. [s.n.], India K000907173
    s.coll. [3328], India K000907175
    s.coll. [1773], India K000907174
    s.coll. [1773], India K000907172

    First published in Indian Forester 66: 270 (1940)

    Accepted by

    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0