1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eragrostis Wolf
      1. Eragrostis cumingii Steud.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Asia to N. Australia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms erect; 30-60 cm long; wiry. Leaf-sheaths 2.5-3.5 cm long; glabrous on surface. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades filiform; involute; 5-10 cm long; 1-2 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; elliptic; 6-12 cm long; 2-4 cm wide; with spikelets clumped along branches. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels eglandular.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 10-30 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 4-15 mm long; 1.5-2 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; rhachilla persistent; retaining paleas.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 10-30 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets linear; laterally compressed; 4-15 mm long; 1.5-2 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; rhachilla persistent; retaining paleas.
    Glume
    Glumes deciduous; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 1.3 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 1.3 mm long; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 1.8 mm long; membranous; glandular on veins; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea keels scaberulous; eciliate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy. Anthers 3; 0.2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ovoid, or orbicular; 4 mm long; dark brown.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia. North America: southeast USA. South America: Caribbean.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Gilliland 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, India, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Guinea, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Western Australia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, New Jersey, North Carolina

    Eragrostis cumingii Steud. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2014 Wardi et al. [BOHK 319], Indonesia K000734719
    Jan 1, 2001 Laegaard, S. [21824], Thailand K000682466
    Oct 1, 1993 Cuming, H. [1104], Philippines K000290376 Unknown type material
    Oct 1, 1993 Cuming, H. [1104], Philippines K000290378 Unknown type material
    Oct 1, 1993 Ramos, M. [Bureau of Science no. 2067], Philippines K000290381 isotype
    Oct 1, 1993 Ramos, M. [Bureau of Science no. 2067], Philippines K000290380 isotype
    May 1, 1982 Curtiss, A.H. [5925], USA K000907516
    May 1, 1982 Curtiss, A.H. [6073], USA K000907517
    Feb 7, 1982 Cuming, H. [672], Philippines K000290379 syntype
    Dec 1, 1981 [Basedow, H.] [s.n.], Australia K000643494
    Feb 1, 1965 Cuming, H. [672], Philippines K000290377 syntype
    Feb 1, 1965 Bloembergen, S. [3840], Indonesia K000290372 isotype
    Kerr, A.F.G. [2445], Thailand Eragrostis bulbillifera K000621448
    Kerr, A.F.G. [2445], Thailand Eragrostis bulbillifera K000621449
    Kerr, A.F.G. [8082], Thailand Eragrostis bulbillifera K000621450
    Kerr, A.F.G. [8082], Thailand Eragrostis bulbillifera K000621451
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13797], Thailand Eragrostis bulbillifera K000621452
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13797], Thailand Eragrostis bulbillifera K000621453

    First published in Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 266 (1854)

    Accepted by

    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 1: 1-897. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 1: 1-897. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Kobayashi, S. & Ono, M. (1987). A Revised List of Vascular Plants Indigenous and Introduced to the Bonin (Ogasawara) and the Volcano (Kazan) Islands Ogasawara Research 13: 1-55.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0