1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eragrostis Wolf
      1. Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Robust caespitose annual; culms up to 165 cm tall, erect, often branched below, glabrous at the nodes, eglandular; leaf sheaths eglandular; ligula a short but distinct membrane with fimbriate margin; leaf laminas 3–26 cm × 1–7 mm, linear, flat or with involute margins, glabrous, eglandular.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle 9–60 cm long, linear to lanceolate or narrowly ovate, contracted or spreading, the spikelets evenly distributed but often crowded on short pedicels less than 1 mm long, the primary branches not in whorls, terminating in a fertile spikelet, glabrous in the axils, eglandular.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 1–2.5 × c. 1 mm, ovate-oblong, lightly laterally compressed, 4–8-flowered, the florets disarticulating from the apex downwards, the rhachilla fragile; glumes subequal, 0.4–0.8 mm long, reaching to about the middle of the adjacent lemmas, lightly keeled, narrowly lanceolate to narrowly oblong-elliptic in profile, glabrous, acute or obtuse at the apex; lemmas 0.6–0.9 mm long, lightly keeled, elliptic to ovate in profile, membranous with distinct lateral nerves, ± appressed to the rhachilla, those in opposite rows scarcely imbricate, the rhachilla ± visible between them, greenish or purplish, glabrous, obtuse at the apex; palea glabrous on the flanks, the keels slender, wingless, glabrous or scaberulous; anthers 2, 0.1–0.4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis 0.3–0.5 mm long, obovate.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Naturalizada y adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 500 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect; 10-150 cm long. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.3-0.6 mm long; lacerate; truncate. Leaf-blades 3-30 cm long; 1-5 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; linear, or lanceolate, or ovate; 4-50 cm long; contracted about secondary branches. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading; 3-14 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; laterally compressed; 1.3-2.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong, or ovate; laterally compressed; 1.3-2.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 0.4-0.7 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume ovate; 0.4-0.7 mm long; 0.6-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 0.7 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea keels smooth, or scaberulous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 2; 0.2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; 0.3-0.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    Europe: eastern. Africa: north, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: western Asia, Arabia, China, and eastern Asia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. North America: north-central USA, south-central USA, southeast USA, and Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.
    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Tufted annual 15–120 cm. high
    Ecology
    Sandy stream sides.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Congo, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Solomon Is., Somalia, South European Russi, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Illinois, Lebanon-Syria, Louisiana, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Nicaragua, Oklahoma, Palestine, Paraguay, Peru, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is.

    Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 28, 2011 Guedes, M.L. [PCD2954], Brazil K001075266
    Jan 1, 2003 Laegaard, S. [21868], Thailand K000682469
    Oct 1, 1993 s.coll. [s.n.], Timor-Leste K000290373 isotype
    Jan 1, 1965 Cuming, H. [1669], Philippines K000290383 isotype
    Jan 1, 1965 Cuming, H. [545], Philippines K000290384 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1965 Cuming, H. [545], Philippines K000290385 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1965 [Roxburgh] [57], India K000245082
    Jan 1, 1965 [Roxburgh] [57], India K000643360 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1934 Maximowicz, C.J. [s.n.], Japan K000643392 Unknown type material
    Mar 12, 1934 s.coll. [s.n.], India K000643358
    India K000643361
    Hinton, G.B. [2565], México State K000465808
    Griffith [s.n.], India K000245080 Unknown type material
    Kerr, A.F.G. [2897], Thailand K000621422
    Kerr, A.F.G. [2963], Thailand K000621423
    Kerr, A.F.G. [8083], Thailand K000621424
    Kerr, A.F.G. [10901], Thailand K000621425
    Kerr, A.F.G. [10901], Thailand K000621426
    Kerr, A.F.G. [10901], Thailand K000621427
    Kerr, A.F.G. [12832], Thailand K000621428
    Kerr, A.F.G. [12832], Thailand K000621429
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13078], Thailand K000621430
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13078], Thailand K000621431
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13078], Thailand K000621432
    Kerr, A.F.G. [15985], Thailand K000621433
    Kerr, A.F.G. [15985], Thailand K000621434
    Kerr, A.F.G. [19260], Thailand K000621435
    Kerr, A.F.G. [19260], Thailand K000621436
    Kerr, A.F.G. [19542], Thailand K000621437
    Kerr, A.F.G. [21411], Thailand K000621438
    Kerr, A.F.G. [21411], Thailand K000621439
    Sorensen, Th. [1939], Thailand K000682475
    Sorensen, Th. [5982], Thailand K000682476
    Hatschbach, G. [45222], Brazil K001075268
    Edwards, P.J. [2564], Brazil K001075267
    Schimper [406], Ethiopia K000366398 Unknown type material
    Schimper [1075], Ethiopia K000366400 Unknown type material
    Chevalier [2227], Guinea K000366493 Unknown type material
    Smitinand, T. [5828], Thailand K000682470
    Smitinand, T. [5956A], Thailand K000682471
    Spruce, R. [6429], Ecuador K000201608
    Parry, D.E. [8], Thailand K000682477
    Put [1975], Thailand K000621440
    Put [1975], Thailand K000621441
    Put [2172], Thailand K000621442
    Put [2172], Thailand K000621443
    Put [2179], Thailand K000621444
    India K000643362
    Irwin, H.S. [5495], Brazil K001075282
    Riedel, Brazil K000308814 isotype
    Swainson [s.n.], Brazil K001075271
    Castellanos, A. [25173], Brazil K001075277
    Roxburgh [s.n.], India K000245081 isotype
    Roxburgh [s.n.], India K000643363
    Roxburgh [s.n.], India K000643364
    Quartin-Dillon [202], Ethiopia K000366399 syntype
    Kotschy [150], Sudan K000366401 isotype
    Kotschy [346], Sudan K000366402 Unknown type material
    Kotschy [413], Sudan K000366403 Unknown type material
    Drege [s.n.], Namibia K000365701 Unknown type material
    Drege [s.n.], Namibia K000365702 Unknown type material
    Buchanan [276], KwaZulu-Natal K000365700 Unknown type material
    Wight, R. [1775], India K000245084
    Marcan, A. [2155], Thailand K000621445
    Marcan, A. [2155], Thailand K000621446
    Marcan, A. [2155], Thailand K000621447
    Bunchuai, K. [1320], Thailand K000682472
    Bunchuai, K. [1321], Thailand K000682473
    MacOwan [247], South Africa K000365699 Unknown type material
    Leprieur [s.n.], Senegal K000366494 Unknown type material
    Floto, F. [7602], Thailand K000682474
    Roberty, G. [3156], Mali K000211984
    Laegaard, S. [21316], Burkina Faso K000211976
    Laegaard, S. [18246], Burkina Faso K000211978
    Gentry, J. [H 21763], Transvaal K000365698 Unknown type material
    Clausen [s.n.], Brazil K001075279
    Suvarnakoses, P. [1282], Thailand K000682478
    Suvarnakoses, P. [1901], Thailand K000682481
    Moore, S. [633] K001075275
    Palmer, Dr. E. [1268], Mexico K000308761
    Prance, G.T. [6121], Bolivia K001075276
    Dee [356], Thailand K000682479
    Dee [804], Thailand K000682480
    Kotschy, T. [434a], Iraq K000643406 isotype
    Kotschy, T. [434], Iraq K000643407 isotype
    Hamilton, W.D. [74], Brazil K001075269
    Glaziou, A. [15619], Brazil K001075272
    Wight, R [2060], India K000643359
    s.coll. [s.n.], India K000245083
    s.coll. [s.n.], India K000643357
    Farrow, R.A. [113], Mali K000211982
    Farrow, R.A. [26], Mali K000211983
    Naegele, A. [4], Burkina Faso K000211979
    Yeates [250], Mali K000211981
    Tiebori [2], Burkina Faso K000211980
    Wintrebert [477], Mali K000211985
    Gardner [1184], Brazil K001075273
    Nutans, E. [s.n.] K000907490
    Spruce [425], Brazil K001075274
    s.coll. [1161], Brazil K001075270
    s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001075283
    Burchell [8842], Brazil K001075278
    Burchell [8884], Brazil K001075280
    Burchell [7572], Brazil K001075281

    First published in Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math. 1: 405 (1830)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
    • Veldkamp, J.F. & al. (2013). A revision of Mnesithea (Gramineae - Rottboelliinae) in Malesia and Thailand Blumea 58: 277-292.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D., Peterson, P.M. & Sánchez Vega, I. (2012). The genus Eragrostis (Poaceae : Chloridoideae) in northwestern South America (Colombia, Ecuador and Peru) : morphological and taxonomic studies: 1-195. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Koyama, T. (1987). Grasses of Japan and its neighboring regions: an identification manual: 1-570. Kodansha, Tokyo, Japan.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Veldkamp, J.F. & al. (2013). A revision of Mnesithea (Gramineae - Rottboelliinae) in Malesia and Thailand Blumea 58: 277-292.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Sarmah, K.K. & Borthakur, S.K. (2009). A checklist of angiospermic plants of Manas national park in Assam, India Pleione 3: 190-200.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Lee, W.T. (1996). Lineamenta Florae Koreae: 1-1688. Soul T'ukpyolsi: Ak'ademi Sojok.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
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    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0