1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eremopyrum (Ledeb.) Jaub. & Spach
      1. Eremopyrum orientale (L.) Jaub. & Spach

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NW. Africa, Romania to China (Nei Mongol) and W. Himalaya.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect, or decumbent; 10-25 cm long. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 3-6 cm long; 2-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scaberulous; rough adaxially; glabrous, or puberulous; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; subtended by an unspecialized leaf-sheath, or an inflated leaf-sheath. Peduncle pubescent above. Racemes 1; single; oblong, or ovate; bilateral; 1-2.5 cm long; 10-15 mm wide. Rhachis fragile at the nodes. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded. Rhachis internodes oblong; falling with spikelet above. Spikelets ascending; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-15 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures; readily shedding fertile florets.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-15 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures; readily shedding fertile florets.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; recurved at apex. Lower glume lanceolate; 8-10 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 1-keeled; keeled all along; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume surface hispid. Lower glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 2-5 mm long. Upper glume lanceolate; 8-10 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; 1-keeled; keeled all along; 3-5 -veined. Upper glume surface hispid. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 2-5 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 8-10 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; keeled above; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins convergent above. Lemma surface hispid. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 4-5 mm long overall. Palea keels scabrous. Palea surface pubescent; hairy on back. Palea apex dentate; 2 -fid; muticous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; ciliate. Ovary with a fleshy appendage below style insertion; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; sulcate on hilar side; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Embryo 0.2 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Europe: southeastern and eastern. Africa: north. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, and China. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Fl Iraq.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Algeria, Central European Rus, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Palestine, Romania, South European Russi, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Xinjiang

    Introduced into:

    British Columbia, Manitoba, New York

    Eremopyrum orientale (L.) Jaub. & Spach appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Ill. Pl. Orient. 4: 26 (1851)

    Accepted by

    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Roshevitz, R.J. & al. (eds.) (1950). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 2: 1-315. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
    • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
    • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0