1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eremopyrum (Ledeb.) Jaub. & Spach
      1. Eremopyrum triticeum (Gaertn.) Nevski

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Romania to N. China.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms 15-30 cm long. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 2-4 cm long; 1-2 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes; deciduous as a whole; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath. Peduncle pubescent above. Racemes 1; single; oblong; bilateral; 0.9-1.7 cm long. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded. Rhachis internodes oblong. Spikelets pectinate; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating between fertile florets but the lowest falling with glumes attached.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating between fertile florets but the lowest falling with glumes attached.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; gibbous; 4-6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; 1-keeled; keeled all along; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface grooved on either side of midvein. Lower glume apex cuspidate. Upper glume lanceolate; gibbous; 4-6 mm long; 1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; coriaceous; 1-keeled; keeled all along; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein grooved on either side. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex cuspidate.
    Florets
    Fertile florets with the lowest dissimilar. Lowest fertile lemma hairy (pubescent below). Fertile lemma lanceolate; 5-6 mm long; coriaceous; keeled; keeled above; 5 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous. Lemma apex acuminate; mucronate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Ovary with a fleshy appendage below style insertion; pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex; apex fleshy. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Europe: southeastern and eastern. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, and China. Australasia: Australia. North America: western Canada and northwest USA.
    Reference
    Triticeae. Fl Iran.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Altay, Central European Rus, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krym, North Caucasus, Romania, South European Russi, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Xinjiang

    Introduced into:

    Alberta, Arizona, British Columbia, Colorado, Idaho, Manitoba, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Saskatchewan, Utah, Washington, Wyoming

    Eremopyrum triticeum (Gaertn.) Nevski appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 1990 Goodenough, S. [8], Great Britain K000950627
    Sep 1, 1990 Prescot [s.n.], South European Russia K000950630
    Sep 1, 1990 Aitchinson, J.E.T. [196], Afghanistan K000950629
    Sep 1, 1990 Bunge, A. [s.n.] K000950626
    Sep 1, 1990 Haussknecht, H.C. [s.n.], Iran K000950628
    Sep 1, 1990 Karelin, G.S. [2157], Middle Asia K000950631
    Fischer [s.n.], South European Russia K000950594

    First published in Trudy Bot. Inst. Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R., Ser. 1, Fl. Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 1: 18 (1933)

    Accepted by

    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Roshevitz, R.J. & al. (eds.) (1950). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 2: 1-315. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
    • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
    • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0