1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eriochloa Kunth
      1. Eriochloa crebra S.T.Blake

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. Australia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 60-100 cm long; 2-5 -noded. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking, or sparse. Leaf-sheaths tight, or loose; mostly shorter than adjacent culm internode. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 1 mm long. Leaf-blades 8-25 cm long; 2-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface puberulous; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 5-25; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1.5-5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 10-25 cm long. Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing crowded. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; 1-2 mm long; bearing a few hairs; hairy at tip; with 2.5 mm long hairs.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or ovate; dorsally compressed; acute, or acuminate; 3.7-4.2 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or ovate; dorsally compressed; acute, or acuminate; 3.7-4.2 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pilose; hairy below. Upper glume apex acute; muticous.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 0.9 length of spikelet; 5 -veined; pilose; hairy below; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic, or oblong; 3 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute; mucronate. Principal lemma awn 1 mm long overall. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl NSW 1993.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia

    Eriochloa crebra S.T.Blake appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 59: 156 (1948)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0