1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eriochloa Kunth
      1. Eriochloa grandiflora (Trin.) Benth.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia to S. Brazil ,and NE. Argentina.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 60-150 cm long. Culm-internodes distally pubescent. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 10-30 cm long; 8-15 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Peduncle pubescent above. Racemes 4-10; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 2-6 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 8-25 cm long. Rhachis angular; pubescent on surface; ciliate on margins. Spikelet packing crowded. Spikelets pectinate; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; 0.5-1 mm long; villous; tip discoid.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 7-8 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; 7-8 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels. Upper glume surface pubescent; hairy above. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; pubescent; hairy above; acuminate. Fertile lemma elliptic, or oblong; 4-4.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse; pubescent; muticous. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. WDC 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Bolivia, Brazil South, Paraguay

    Eriochloa grandiflora (Trin.) Benth. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Riedel [888], Brazil K001102382
    Dusén, P. [16869], Paraná K000643646

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 39 (1881)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0