1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eriochloa Kunth
      1. Eriochloa macclounii Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Botswana.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms erect; 60-180 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 8-60 cm long; 3-12 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes numerous; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 3-6 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 6-25 cm long. Rhachis angular; pubescent on surface, or pilose on surface. Spikelet packing irregular. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 3.5-5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 3.5-5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent, or pilose. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1-3 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male, or barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 0.9 length of spikelet; 5 -veined; pubescent, or pilose; acuminate; mucronate. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2-2.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface granulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse; mucronate. Principal lemma awn 1-2 mm long overall. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Annual.
    Culms
    Culms 60–180 cm. high, erect.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 5–many racemes, these 3–6 cm. long bearing paired spikelets on a pubescent to triquetrous rhachis.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 3.5–5 mm. long, lanceolate, pubescent to pilose.
    Glume
    Inferior glume absent; superior glume attenuate to an awn-point 1–3 mm. long.
    Florets
    Inferior floret with a palea.
    Inferior
    Inferior floret with a palea.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma with a mucro 1–2 mm. long.
    Superior
    Superior lemma with a mucro 1–2 mm. long.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annual; culms 60–180 cm. high, erect.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades 8–60 cm. long, 3–12 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 6–25 cm. long; racemes 3–6 cm. long, with pubescent to pilose (rarely puberulous) triquetrous rhachis bearing paired spikelets.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets lanceolate, 3.5–5 mm. long, pubescent to pilose; lower glume absent; upper glume attenuate to an awn-point 1–3 mm. long; lower floret with a palea; upper lemma with a mucro 1–2 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Damp soils and flood plains; 800–1600 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T7

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Eriochloa macclounii Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    McClounie, J. [8], Malawi K000282008 holotype

    First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 501 (1919)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 72 (1965).
    • Jackson & Wiehe, Ann. list Nyasaland grasses: 41 (1958).
    • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 9: 501 (1919).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0