1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eriochloa Kunth
      1. Eriochloa parvispiculata C.E.Hubb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa, Madagascar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 30-120 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 8-30 cm long; 3-10 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 5-20; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-7 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 5-15 cm long. Rhachis narrowly winged; angular; puberulous on surface. Spikelet packing crowded; irregular. Spikelets in pairs, or clustered at each node. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 2-4 in the cluster. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex acuminate; muticous, or mucronate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 0.9 length of spikelet; 5 -veined; pubescent; acuminate; muticous, or mucronate. Fertile lemma elliptic; 1.5 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface granulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse; mucronate. Principal lemma awn 0.1-0.3 mm long overall. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: east tropical, south, and western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Tufted perennial; culms 30–120 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades 8–30 cm. long, 3–10 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 5–15 cm. long; racemes 1–7 cm. long, the rhachis puberulous, narrowly winged, with the spikelets densely imbricate in clusters of 2–4.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets lanceolate, 2–2.5 mm. long, thinly pubescent; lower glume absent; upper glume acuminate or with an awn point up to 0.3 mm. long; lower floret represented only by a lemma; upper lemma with a mucro 0.1–0.3 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Damp places, in coastal bushland and near cultivation; 0–300 m.
    Distribution
    K7 P T3 T6 T8 Z

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania

    Eriochloa parvispiculata C.E.Hubb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 1933 Vaughan, J.H. [1607], Tanzania K000282006 holotype

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1934: 111 (1934)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Bosser, J. (1969). Gramiées des pasturages et des cultures a Madagascar: 1-440. ORSTOM, Paris.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 72 (1965).
    • A.V. Bogdan, A Revised List of Kenya Grasses p. 47 (1958).
    • C.E. Hubbard in Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information, Kew 1934: 111 (1934).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0