1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eriochloa Kunth
      1. Eriochloa rovumensis (Pilg.) Clayton

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Mozambique.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annual; culms 45–60 cm. high, geniculately ascending.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades 3–15 cm. long, 2–8 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 4–10 cm. long, bearing few (3–6) secund racemes; racemes 1.5–3 cm. long with a shortly pilose triquetrous rhachis bearing single or paired spikelets.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets lanceolate, 3.5–5.5 mm. long, thinly pilose; lower glume lanceolate, 4/5 as long as the spikelet, acuminate; upper glume acuminate or with an awn-point up to 1 mm. long; lower floret with a palea; upper lemma obscurely mucronate.
    Habitat
    Shallow soil between rocks; 200–500 m.
    Distribution
    T6 T8
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Annual.
    Culms
    Culms 45–60 cm. high, geniculately ascending.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of few (3–7) racemes, these 1.5–3 cm. long, bearing single or paired spikelets on a shortly pilose triquetrous rhachis.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 3.5–5.5 mm. long, lanceolate, thinly pilose.
    Glume
    Inferior glume 4/5 length of spikelet, lanceolate, acuminate; superior glume acuminate or with an awn-point up to 1 mm. long.
    Florets
    Inferior floret with a palea.
    Inferior
    Inferior floret with a palea.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma obscurely mucronulate.
    Superior
    Superior lemma obscurely mucronulate.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms decumbent; 45-60 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 3-15 cm long; 2-8 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-6; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1.5-3 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 3-8 cm long. Rhachis angular; pilose on surface. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 3.5-5.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 3.5-5.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.8 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume surface pilose. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume ovate; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pilose. Upper glume apex attenuate; muticous, or awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 0-1 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 0.75-0.8 length of spikelet; 5 -veined; pilose; acuminate. Fertile lemma ovate; 3-4 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface granulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acute; mucronate. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: east tropical and southern tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Tanzania

    Eriochloa rovumensis (Pilg.) Clayton appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Anderson, B. [1319], Tanzania K000282007 holotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 34: 560 (1980)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • W.D. Clayton in KB. 34: 560 (1980).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0