1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eriochloa Kunth
      1. Eriochloa stapfiana Clayton

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Tufted perennial; culms robust, 60–120 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades 4–20 cm. long, 3–8 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 7–30 cm. long; racemes 2–7 cm. long, with puberulous or pubescent (rarely pilose) triquetrous rhachis, the spikelets paired or on short side branchlets.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets narrowly ovate, 3–4 mm. long, appressedly pubescent; lower glume absent or an obscure membranous rim; upper glume acuminate or with an awn-point up to 1 mm. long; lower floret ♂ with a palea or barren with the palea reduced in size; upper lemma with a mucro 0.3–0.7 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Swampy places and streamsides; 0–800 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 T5 T6
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Tufted perennial.
    Culms
    Culms 60–120 cm. high, robust.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 6–many racemes, these 2–7 cm. long, bearing spikelets in pairs or on short appressed side branchlets, the rhachis triquetrous and puberulous or pubescent, rarely pilose.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 3–4 mm. long, narrowly ovate, appressedly pubescent.
    Glume
    Inferior glume absent; superior glume acuminate or with an awn-point up to 1 mm. long.
    Florets
    Inferior floret with a palea.
    Inferior
    Inferior floret with a palea.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma usually with a mucro up to 0.5 mm. long.
    Superior
    Superior lemma usually with a mucro up to 0.5 mm. long.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms robust; 60-120 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 4-20 cm long; 3-8 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes numerous; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 2-7 cm long; simple, or secondarily branched. Central inflorescence axis 7-30 cm long. Rhachis angular; puberulous on surface, or pubescent on surface. Spikelet packing irregular. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 3-4 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 3-4 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex attenuate; muticous, or mucronate. Upper glume awn 1 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male, or barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 0.9 length of spikelet; 5 -veined; pubescent; acuminate; mucronate. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma surface granulose. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse; mucronate. Principal lemma awn 0.3-0.7 mm long overall. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: east tropical, southern tropical, and south.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania

    Eriochloa stapfiana Clayton appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 1974 Allen, C.E.F. [122], Mozambique K000282010 holotype
    Mar 1, 1974 Allen, C.E.F. [122], Mozambique K000282011 holotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 30: 109 (1975)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1989). Flora Zambesiaca 10(3): 1-231. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • W.D. Clayton in Kew Bulletin 30: 109 (1975).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0