1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eriochloa Kunth
      1. Eriochloa subulifera Stapf

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Aldabra (Assumption Island), Madagascar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; culms solitary, or caespitose; clumped loosely. Culms geniculately ascending; 40-60 cm long; 3-4 -noded. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Lateral branches sparse. Leaf-sheaths loose; mostly shorter than adjacent culm internode; striately veined; glabrous on surface, or pubescent. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 4-8 cm long; 3-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Peduncle glabrous, or pubescent above. Racemes 4-9; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1.8-3.5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 4-9 cm long; puberulous. Rhachis angular; 0.2-0.5 mm wide. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 0.5-2.5 mm long; tip discoid.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong, or ovate; dorsally compressed; 2.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; 0.25 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong, or ovate; dorsally compressed; 2.5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; 0.25 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume elliptic; 2.5 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 1-1.5 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma elliptic, or oblong; 2 mm long; indurate; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse; mucronate. Principal lemma awn 0.5 mm long overall. Palea involute; indurate.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Stapf 2001.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Aldabra, Madagascar

    Eriochloa subulifera Stapf appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dupont, P.R. [261], Aldabra K000244678
    Fox, W. [258], Aldabra K000244677

    First published in Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1919: 141 (1919)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fosberg, F.R. & Renvoize, S.A. (1980). The Flora of Aldabra and neighbouring islands: 1-358. Crown, London.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robertson, S.A. (1989). Flowering Plants of Seychelles: 1-327. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0