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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eustachys Desv.
      1. Eustachys paspaloides (Vahl) Lanza & Mattei

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa, Arabian Peninsula.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Basal innovations flabellate. Culms erect, or decumbent; 20-80 cm long. Leaf-sheaths keeled. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 2-18 cm long; 2-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade apex abruptly acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes (3-)4-10(-15); digitate; unilateral; 3-7 cm long. Rhachis semiterete. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets pectinate; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets obovate; laterally compressed; truncate; 1.5-2.4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets obovate; laterally compressed; truncate; 1.5-2.4 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume ovate; 0.7-1.6 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 1-2 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface scabrous. Upper glume apex truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn subapical; 0.5-1.5 mm long.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; laterally compressed; 1.5-2.4 mm long; chartaceous; much thinner above; dark brown; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliate. Lemma surface glabrous, or pubescent. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex emarginate; muticous, or mucronate. Palea 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; cuneate; 1.2-1.5 mm long. Apical sterile lemmas muticous, or mucronate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with tardily free pericarp; ellipsoid; isodiametric; trigonous.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, and south. Asia-temperate: Arabia. South America: western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Cynodonteae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Perennial; culms 20–80 cm. tall, erect or geniculately ascending.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades 2–18 cm. long, 2–5 mm. wide, abruptly acute; sheaths flabellate, in bunches at the lower nodes, glabrous or sparsely hairy and scaberulous along the keels.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of (3–)4–10(–15) spikes.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets golden to dark brown in colour; lower glume ovate, boat-shaped, 0.7–1.6 mm. long, 1-nerved, sparsely scaberulous on the back; upper glume oblong-elliptic, 1–2 mm. long, 1-nerved, scaberulous, with an antrorsely scabrid awn 0.5–1.5 mm. long; fertile lemma ovate (in side view), 1.5–2.4 mm. long, glabrous or sparsely pubescent, ± ciliate along the keel and side nerves, emarginate (when flattened) with membranous lobes, obtuse in side view, with or without a mucro up to 1 mm. long; sterile floret 1.2–1.5 mm. long, truncate.
    Figures
    Fig. 95, p. 336.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland and dry grassland; 900–2000 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 Zaire, Ethiopia and Arabia southwards to the Cape
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Perennial with thick horizontal or oblique rhizome, up to 80 cm tall, erect or ascending; leaf sheaths flabellate, in bunches at the lower nodes; leaf laminas 4.5–30 cm × 2–5(10) mm, abruptly acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 5–10 digitate racemes 6–8 cm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2.4–2.5 mm long; inferior glume 1.6–2 mm long, ovate, boat-shaped; superior glume 1.8–2.4 mm long, oblong-elliptic, the awn 0.8–1 mm long; fertile lemma as long as the spikelet, ovate in profile, glabrous or sparsely pubescent on the body, ciliate on the keel and lateral nerves, emarginate, with or without an awn-point up to 0.8 mm long; sterile floret 1.2–1.5 mm long, truncate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Borneo, Botswana, Cape Provinces, Chad, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Oman, Rwanda, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Eustachys paspaloides (Vahl) Lanza & Mattei appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1968 Balohati, L. [2064] K000365080 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1932 Litenhage [103] K000365081 Unknown type material
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [8878/A], Brazil K001101703
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [3764], Brazil K001101704
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [3701], Brazil K001101705

    Bibliography

    First published in Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Palermo 9: 56 (1910)

    Accepted by

    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A Handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cope, T. (1999). Flora Zambesiaca 10(2): 1-261. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • D.M. Napper, Grasses of Tanganyika: 40 (1965).
    • K.W. Harker & D.M. Napper, An Illustrated Guide to the Grasses of Uganda p. 33 (1960).
    • A.V. Bogdan, A Revised List of Kenya Grasses p. 25 (1958).
    • Jackson & Wiehe, Ann. list Nyasaland grasses: 41 (1958).
    • Lanza & Mattei in Boll. Ort. Bot. Palermo 9: 56 (1910).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0