1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Farrago Clayton
      1. Farrago racemosa Clayton

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Tufted annual; culms 25–50 cm. high, wiry.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades narrow, flat or convolute, 3–8 cm. long, up to 1.5 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 4–8 cm. long, the clusters appressed to the axis.
    Spikelets
    Vestigial spikelets represented by slender flexuous awns slightly widened near the base, the lower 5–9 mm. long, the upper 10–15 mm. long and borne upon a slender stalk 1.5 mm. long. Fertile spikelet 2.5–3 mm. long, dark green; lower glume obliquely elliptic with a slender terminal awn; upper glume elliptic, terminating in a short awn-point; lemma 1 mm. long.
    Figures
    Fig. 105.
    Habitat
    Crevices and hollows in rock outcrops; 500 m.
    Distribution
    known only from Tanzania T8
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect; 25-50 cm long; wiry. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 3-8 cm long; 1-1.5 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes numerous; borne along a central axis; closely spaced; in a unilateral false spike; appressed; lanceolate; 0.15 cm long; bearing a triad of spikelets. Central inflorescence axis 4-8 cm long; flattened. Rhachis deciduous from axis; subterete. Spikelets appressed; in threes. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets sessile; 2 in the cluster.
    Spikelets
    Companion sterile spikelets represented by awns; comprising 1 awn; 5-15 mm long; deciduous with the fertile. Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded. Spikelet callus hairs 0.3 length of spikelet.
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets represented by awns; comprising 1 awn; 5-15 mm long; deciduous with the fertile.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 2.5-3 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus bearded. Spikelet callus hairs 0.3 length of spikelet.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; subequal in width; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; 2.5-3 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; dark green; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliate. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 8 mm long. Upper glume elliptic; 2.5-3 mm long; 2.5-3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; dark green; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex acuminate; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma obovate; 1 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 0 -veined. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex truncate. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy. Anthers 3; oblong; 0.5-0.6 mm long. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; dorsally compressed; biconvex; 1.7 mm long.
    Distribution
    Africa: east tropical.
    Reference
    Cynodonteae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Tanzania

    Farrago racemosa Clayton appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 1966 Anderson, B. [1316], Tanzania K000255443 holotype

    First published in Kew Bull. 21: 125 (1967)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • W. D. Clayton in Kew Bulletin 21: 125 (1967).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0