1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca amethystina L.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & SE. Europe to NE. Turkey.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths. Basal innovations extravaginal and intravaginal. Culms erect; 50-80 cm long; 2-3 -noded; with 0.25-0.33 of their length below uppermost node. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length; with 0.5-0.75 of their length closed; with flat margins; ribbed. Leaf-sheath auricles erect. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades filiform; conduplicate; angular in section; 10-30 cm long; 0.3-0.75 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation comprising 5-7 vascular bundles; with 3-5 inner ridges; without layer of subepidermal sclerenchyma masking vein striation. Leaf-blade surface scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle smooth, or scaberulous above. Panicle open; ovate; nodding; 10-15 cm long. Primary panicle branches 2 -nate. Panicle branches pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7.8-8.3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 7.8-8.3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 3-3.5 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 3.2-4.3 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; with scarious margins; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate, or ovate; 4.5-5.3 mm long; chartaceous; glaucous, or purple; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface glabrous, or hispid; hairy above. Lemma apex acuminate; muticous. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 3-4 mm long. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Europe: central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Asia-temperate: western Asia.
    Reference
    Poeae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Austria, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Romania, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

    Festuca amethystina L. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Balansa, B. [s.n.], Turkey K000913223 Unknown type material

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 74 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0