1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca calva (Hack.) K.Richt.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Alps.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms 32-55 cm long. Culm-internodes smooth. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.6-1.2 mm long. Leaf-blades filiform; conduplicate; 0.5-0.95 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade venation comprising 7-9 vascular bundles; with 7 inner ridges; with sclerenchyma strands above some veins and above all veins; with continuous uniform subepidermal sclerenchyma layer on the underside. Leaf-blade surface smooth. Leaf-blade apex pungent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; nodding; 6-9 cm long. Panicle branches glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 9-10.3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 9-10.3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 4-6.6 mm long; 0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 3.5-5 mm long; chartaceous; much thinner on margins; mid-green and purple; suffused with last colour; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex acuminate; muticous, or mucronate. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea surface scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2.5-4 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; obovoid. Hilum linear. Disseminule comprising a caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Europe: central and southeastern.
    Reference
    Poeae. Fl Eur 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Austria, Italy, Yugoslavia

    Festuca calva (Hack.) K.Richt. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Hackel, E. [875] K000912881

    First published in Pl. Eur. 1: 104 (1890)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0