1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca coelestis (St.-Yves) V.I.Krecz. & Bobrov

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Asia to China and Himalaya.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 5-30 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.4-0.6 mm long. Leaf-blades filiform; conduplicate; 5-13 cm long; 1 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade venation comprising 5 vascular bundles; with 3 subepidermal sclerenchyma strands; without layer of subepidermal sclerenchyma masking vein striation. Leaf-blade surface smooth.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; 1-5 cm long. Primary panicle branches appressed. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; laterally compressed; 5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 1.8-2.2 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 2.6-3.2 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 3.2-4 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 1-2 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous; adorned all along, or above. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1-1.2 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia and China. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Poeae. Fl Pak 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China North-Central, China South-Central, East Himalaya, Inner Mongolia, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Pakistan, Qinghai, Tadzhikistan, Tibet, West Himalaya, Xinjiang

    Festuca coelestis (St.-Yves) V.I.Krecz. & Bobrov appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 1976 Hartmann, H. [120], Pakistan K001082304
    Dec 1, 1975 Aitchison, J.E.T. [949], Pakistan K001082303
    Oct 1, 1975 Stewart, R.R. [23104], Pakistan K001082302
    Oct 1, 1975 Clarke, C.B. [31070], India K001082305
    Aug 1, 1975 Duthie, J.F. [22701] K001082301

    First published in V.L.Komarov (ed.), Fl. URSS 2: 770 (1934)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
    • Roshevitz, R.J. & al. (eds.) (1950). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 2: 1-315. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0