1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca drymeja Mert. & W.D.J.Koch

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Europe to Medit. and N. Iran.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Cataphylls evident. Rhizomes elongated. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with fibrous dead sheaths. Basal innovations extravaginal and intravaginal. Culms erect; 70-130 cm long. Leaf-sheaths open for most of their length; with flat margins. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1.5-3 mm long; lacerate. Leaf-blades flat; 20-30 cm long; 6-15 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without layer of subepidermal sclerenchyma masking vein striation. Leaf-blade surface scabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; pyramidal; nodding; 10-30 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; laterally compressed; 7-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; laterally compressed; 7-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 3 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of upper glume; scarious; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 3.6-3.9 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate, or ovate; 4.2-5 mm long; chartaceous; keeled; lightly keeled; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous. Lemma apex obtuse, or acute; muticous. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex. Hilum linear; 0.5 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Europe: central, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north. Asia-temperate: Caucasus and western Asia.
    Reference
    Poeae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Austria, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Morocco, North Caucasus, Poland, Romania, Sicilia, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

    Festuca drymeja Mert. & W.D.J.Koch appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Boissier, P.E. [197], Spain Festuca altissima K000912907
    Boissier, P.E. [197], Spain Festuca altissima K000912908

    First published in J.C.Röling, Deutschl. Fl., ed. 3, 1: 670 (1823)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0