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  1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Oenanthe L.

      1. This genus is accepted, and is native to Europe, Asia-Tropical, Africa, Northern America and Asia-Temperate..


    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Glabrous, perennial, usually aquatic or marsh plants with variously pinnate leaves, erect and rather wiry to weak and decumbent or scrambling over other vegetation, roots fibrous or tuberous
    Umbels numerous, compound, usually pedunculate; involucre none or of few to several bracts; involucel of usually numerous bracteoles
    Flowers all hermaphrodite or polygamous with some hermaphrodite and some ♂
    Calyx-teeth present, persistent
    Petals white to creamy or greenish with a distinct inflexed lobule, frequendy emarginate above
    Fruit glabrous, ovoid to cylindrical or globose, crowned with the persistent small to very conspicuous calyx-teeth; lateral primary ribs corky, flattened ventrally to give abroad, flat commissure; dorsal ribs variable, either the 3 primary ribs well-developed and corky, or primary and secondary ribs similarly developed and filiform, or the primary ribs slender and the secondary inflated and corky; vittae variable, either solitary in the valleculae or beneath the secondary or all ribs; stylopodia mostly conical; carpophore bifid, the segments fused to the mericarps
    Endosperm in section roundish-pentagonal to transversely subelliptical.



    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Altay, Assam, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Borneo, Bulgaria, Burundi, California, Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hainan, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Madeira, Maluku, Manchuria, Mexico Southwest, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Guinea, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Rwanda, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Illinois, New Zealand North, Uruguay

    Accepted Species


    Other Data

    Oenanthe L. appears in other Kew resources:


    First published in Sp. Pl.: 254 (1753)

    Accepted by

    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press.


    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 122 (1754)
    • Sp. Pl.: 254 (1753)


    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.