1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca psammophila (Hack. ex Celak.) Fritsch

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Germany to Baltic States.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms 20-57 cm long. Culm-internodes smooth. Leaf-sheaths open for most of their length; with 0 of their length closed; with flat margins; glabrous on surface, or puberulous. Leaf-sheath auricles erect; obtuse. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades filiform; conduplicate; circular in section; 0.5-1.1 mm wide; glaucous; pruinose. Leaf-blade venation comprising 9-13 vascular bundles; with 5 inner ridges; with subepidermal sclerenchyma free from veins; with continuous uniform subepidermal sclerenchyma layer on the underside. Leaf-blade surface smooth. Leaf-blade apex obtuse.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; 9-12 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending, or spreading. Panicle branches smooth, or scaberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 3-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6.2-7.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes obscured by lemmas.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 3-8 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 6.2-7.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes obscured by lemmas.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 3.2-4 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 3.4-4.9 mm long; chartaceous; glaucous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 0.5-1 mm long overall; 0.1-0.25 length of lemma. Palea 2 -veined. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid. Hilum linear. Disseminule comprising a caryopsis and palea.
    Distribution
    Europe: central.
    Reference
    Poeae. Fl Eur 1995.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Baltic States, Belarus, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Poland, Ukraine

    Festuca psammophila (Hack. ex Celak.) Fritsch appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Celakovsky, L.J. [s.n.], Germany K000913183
    Uechtritz, R.F.C. [s.n.], Poland K000913184
    Uechtritz, R.F.C. [s.n.], Poland K000913185

    First published in Excursionsfl. Oesterreich: 64 (1897)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2018. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0