1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca simensis Hochst. ex A.Rich.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cameroon to Ethiopia and Kenya.

    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Loosely tufted perennial with thin slender rhizomes; culms 40–140 cm, high, ascending at the base, slender.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades 10–30 cm. long and 2–4 mm. wide, flat, with falcate auricles; leaf-sheaths glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Panicle loosely ovate, sometimes linear with the branches close to the axis, 12–30 cm. long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets (2–)3–7-flowered, narrowly oblong, 10–17 mm. long; lower glume 3–4.5 mm. long, the upper 4–5.5 mm. long; lemmas narrowly oblong-elliptic, 7–9 mm. long, smooth or scaberulous, awned from 0.5–1 mm. below the acute hyaline tip; awn 8–15 mm. long; palea as long as or slightly longer than the lemma, its keels scabrid; ovary glabrous; anthers 2.5–4 mm. long.
    Habitat
    Shady places, roadsides and stream banks in upland forest and bamboo thicket; 2000–3300 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 K6 U2 U3
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes elongated. Culms geniculately ascending; 40-140 cm long. Leaf-sheaths smooth; glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades flat; 10-30 cm long; 2-4 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 12-30 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising (2-)3-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising (2-)3-7 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 3-4.5 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 4-5.5 mm long; 0.6-0.7 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 7-9 mm long; chartaceous; much thinner above; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface smooth, or scaberulous. Lemma apex acute; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn subapical; 8-15 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2.5-4 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; glabrous. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Africa: west-central tropical, northeast tropical, and east tropical.
    Reference
    Poeae. FTEA.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Cameroon, Congo, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Uganda, Zaïre

    Festuca simensis Hochst. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 1, 1985 Schimper [684], Ethiopia K000345292 isotype

    First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 433 (1850)

    Accepted by

    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
    • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1970). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 1: 1-176.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Ndabaneze, P. (1989). Catalogue des Graminées du Burundi Lejeunia; Revue de Botanique, n.s., 132: 1-127.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1988). Flora du Rwanda 4: I-X, 1-651. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
    • Clayton, W.D. (1970). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 1: 1-176.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • A.V. Bogdan, A Revised List of Kenya Grasses p. 15 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Sudan 3: 461 (1956).
    • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 3: 195 (1955).
    • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 433 (1851).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0