1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca sipylea (Hack.) Markgr.-Dann.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Kriti to SW. Turkey.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths light brown; persistent and investing base of culm; with compacted dead sheaths. Basal innovations intravaginal. Culms erect; 8-20 cm long. Leaf-sheaths tubular for much of their length; with 0.25-0.33 of their length closed; with flat margins. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.3-1.2 mm long; pubescent on abaxial surface; bilobed. Leaf-blades filiform; conduplicate; 0.3-0.5 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade venation comprising 5 vascular bundles; with 2-3 inner ridges; with continuous uniform subepidermal sclerenchyma layer on the underside. Leaf-blade surface smooth. Leaf-blade apex obtuse; hardened.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; 2-2.5 cm long. Panicle branches hispidulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels pubescent; hairy all along but hairs longer above; tip widened.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; laterally compressed; 6-7.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-4 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or oblong; laterally compressed; 6-7.8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; dissimilar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.7-0.8 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 4-4.9 mm long; 0.75-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; with scarious margins; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4.6-5.5 mm long; chartaceous; glaucous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface puberulous. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 6 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear; 0.75 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Europe: southeastern. Asia-temperate: western Asia.
    Reference
    Poeae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kriti, Turkey

    Festuca sipylea (Hack.) Markgr.-Dann. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Veröff. Geobot. Inst. ETH Stiftung Rübel Zürich 56: 110 (1976)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0