1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Festuca Tourn. ex L.
      1. Festuca subalpina D.M.Chang & Skvortsov

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Jilin).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; robust; 20 cm long. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Leaf-sheaths smooth; glabrous on surface. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.2 mm long; truncate. Leaf-blades involute; 7-12 cm long; 0.5-1 mm wide; flaccid. Leaf-blade venation comprising 9 vascular bundles; with 3 subepidermal sclerenchyma strands.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; oblong; 3-6 cm long. Primary panicle branches 0.5-2 cm long. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets ovate; laterally compressed; 6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 2 mm long; 0.66 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface scabrous; rough above. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 3 mm long; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface scabrous; rough above. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4 mm long; chartaceous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scabrous. Lemma apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 1-1.5 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scabrous. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 2.2-2.5 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China.
    Reference
    Poeae. Lu 1996.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Manchuria

    Festuca subalpina D.M.Chang & Skvortsov appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Zap. Kharbin. Obshch. Estestvoisp. Etnogr. 12: 29 (1954)

    Accepted by

    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0