1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Germainia Balansa & Poitr.
      1. Germainia capitata Balansa & Poitr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. China to Indo-China, New Guinea to N. Queensland.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths glabrous, or pubescent, or woolly. Culms erect; 30-90 cm long; 3-5 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 1-1.5 mm long. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 7-38 cm long; 3-9 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; erect; oblong; 2-3.5 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing 3-7 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis obsolete (raceme capitate). Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels 5-7 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 1-4 in number; forming an involucre about the fertile; subsessile; male; 16-23 mm long; larger than fertile. Basal sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous; glabrous, or pilose. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; oblong; dorsally compressed; 16-23 mm long; longer than fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous; 7-9 -veined; glabrous, or pilose; entire, or dentate; emarginate; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes. Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 8-11 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus oblong; 1-1.3 mm long; base pungent; attached obliquely.
    Sterile
    Basal sterile spikelets well-developed; 1-4 in number; forming an involucre about the fertile; subsessile; male; 16-23 mm long; larger than fertile. Basal sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous; glabrous, or pilose. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; oblong; dorsally compressed; 16-23 mm long; longer than fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous; 7-9 -veined; glabrous, or pilose; entire, or dentate; emarginate; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 8-11 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus oblong; 1-1.3 mm long; base pungent; attached obliquely.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 8-11 mm long; 1.2 length of upper glume; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex truncate, or obtuse. Upper glume lanceolate; 7-9 mm long; chartaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex truncate, or obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret hyaline. Fertile lemma linear; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex entire; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn geniculate; 60-90 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn 40-60 mm long; pubescent. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 2.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: Indo-China and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Chaianan.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central, China Southeast, New Guinea, Queensland, Thailand, Vietnam

    Germainia capitata Balansa & Poitr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 28, 2008 Kerr, A.F.G. [9583], Thailand K000648149
    Mar 28, 2008 Kerr, A.F.G. [8831], Thailand K000648148
    Mar 28, 2008 Lazarides, M. [7468], Thailand K000648147
    Jan 21, 2008 Kerr, A.F.G. [9583], Thailand K000620399
    Jan 21, 2008 Kerr, A.F.G. [9583], Thailand K000620400
    Jan 21, 2008 Kerr, A.F.G. [13687], Thailand K000620401
    Jan 21, 2008 Kerr, A.F.G. [13687], Thailand K000620402
    Jan 21, 2008 van Beusekom, C.F. [4265], Thailand K000688610
    Jan 21, 2008 Smitinand, T. [367], Thailand K000688608
    Jan 21, 2008 Smitinand, T. [1794], Thailand K000688609
    Aug 18, 1986 Moore, C. [s.n.], Queensland K001050207 isotype

    First published in Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse 7: 344 (1873)

    Accepted by

    • Teerawatananon, A. & al. (2013). A taxonomic revision of Germainia (Andropogoneae: Poaceae) in Thailand Blumea 57: 221-228.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0