1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Germainia Balansa & Poitr.
      1. Germainia grandiflora (S.T.Blake) Chai-Anan

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. Australia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths glabrous. Culms 50-100 cm long; 4-5 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long. Leaf-blades erect; 7-30 cm long; 2-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; glabrous, or pubescent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 2-4; paired, or digitate; erect; linear; 3.5-7 cm long; bearing many spikelets; bearing 10-15 fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis tough; angular; ciliate on margins. Rhachis internodes linear; 3 mm long. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels 1.7-2 mm long; pubescent.
    Spikelets
    Basal sterile spikelets absent, or well-developed; 2 in number; subsessile; larger than fertile. Basal sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; oblong; dorsally compressed; 6.5-12 mm long; longer than fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous; 7 -veined (lower); pubescent (at apex); erose; truncate; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes; 6-12 mm long; entire, or dentate; muticous, or 1-awned; with 0-2.5 mm long awn. Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; subterete; 4-7 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus linear; 0.5-1 mm long; pilose; base pungent; attached obliquely. Spikelet callus hairs red.
    Sterile
    Basal sterile spikelets absent, or well-developed; 2 in number; subsessile; larger than fertile. Basal sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous. Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; oblong; dorsally compressed; 6.5-12 mm long; longer than fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous; 7 -veined (lower); pubescent (at apex); erose; truncate; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes; 6-12 mm long; entire, or dentate; muticous, or 1-awned; with 0-2.5 mm long awn.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; subterete; 4-7 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus linear; 0.5-1 mm long; pilose; base pungent; attached obliquely. Spikelet callus hairs red.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 4-7 mm long; 1.2 length of upper glume; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex truncate, or obtuse. Upper glume oblong; 3-6 mm long; coriaceous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex truncate, or obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 3.5-4.8 mm long; hyaline; truncate. Fertile lemma hyaline; without keel. Lemma apex entire; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn geniculate; 25-53 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn pubescent. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 2; 4.5 mm long.
    Distribution
    Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Chaianan.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Northern Territory, Queensland

    Germainia grandiflora (S.T.Blake) Chai-Anan appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 6: 44 (1972)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0