1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Germainia Balansa & Poitr.
      1. Germainia khasyana Hack.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Assam to Indo-China.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Butt sheaths glabrous. Culms 25-40 cm long; 10-20 -noded. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-1.5 mm long. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 2.5-4 cm long; 2-3 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pilose; sparsely hairy; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; oblong; 1-1.5 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets; bearing (2-)3(-4) fertile spikelets on each. Rhachis obsolete (raceme capitate). Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels 2.5-4 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; oblong; dorsally compressed; 15-17 mm long; longer than fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous; 7-9 -veined (lower); entire; emarginate, or truncate; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes; 14 mm long; entire; muticous. Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; subterete; 6 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus linear; 1-1.2 mm long; pilose; base pungent; attached obliquely. Spikelet callus hairs red; 1.5 mm long.
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; oblong; dorsally compressed; 15-17 mm long; longer than fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous; 7-9 -veined (lower); entire; emarginate, or truncate; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes; 14 mm long; entire; muticous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; subterete; 6 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus linear; 1-1.2 mm long; pilose; base pungent; attached obliquely. Spikelet callus hairs red; 1.5 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 6 mm long; 1.2 length of upper glume; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; without keels; 0-5 -veined. Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume oblong; 5 mm long; coriaceous; without keels; 0-3 -veined. Upper glume primary vein absent, or distinct. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 2.5-3 mm long; hyaline; entire, or lobed; 2 -fid; truncate. Fertile lemma hyaline; without keel. Lemma apex entire; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn geniculate; 35-55 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn 25-40 mm long; pubescent. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 3.2 mm long.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: India and Indo-China.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Chaianan.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Myanmar, Thailand

    Germainia khasyana Hack. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 28, 2008 Hansen, B. [11231], Thailand K000648091
    Jan 18, 2008 Clark, C.B. [44830], Meghalaya K001050210 isotype
    Clark, C.B. [44830], Meghalaya K001050209 holotype
    Clark, C.B. [42558], Meghalaya K001050211 Unknown type material

    First published in Oesterr. Bot. Z. 41: 50 (1891)

    Accepted by

    • Teerawatananon, A. & al. (2013). A taxonomic revision of Germainia (Andropogoneae: Poaceae) in Thailand Blumea 57: 221-228.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Teerawatananon, A. & al. (2013). A taxonomic revision of Germainia (Andropogoneae: Poaceae) in Thailand Blumea 57: 221-228.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0