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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Germainia Balansa & Poitr.
      1. Germainia truncatiglumis (F.Muell. ex Benth.) Chai-Anan

        This species is accepted, and its native range is New Guinea to N. Australia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths glabrous. Culms 100-150 cm long; 4-5 -noded. Lateral branches lacking. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 1-2 mm long. Leaf-blades 10-50 cm long; 2-10 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-6; digitate; 5-12 cm long. Rhachis angular; ciliate on margins. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled; 1 in the cluster. Companion sterile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Pedicels 1-2 mm long; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; elliptic; dorsally compressed; 5-6.5 mm long; longer than fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous; 7 -veined; setose on margins; entire, or dentate; truncate; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes. Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 3.2-4 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus cuneate; 0.5 mm long; base acute; attached obliquely.
    Sterile
    Companion sterile spikelets well-developed; male; elliptic; dorsally compressed; 5-6.5 mm long; longer than fertile; persistent. Companion sterile spikelet glumes coriaceous; 7 -veined; setose on margins; entire, or dentate; truncate; muticous. Companion sterile spikelet lemmas 2; enclosed by glumes.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; subterete; 3.2-4 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus cuneate; 0.5 mm long; base acute; attached obliquely.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 3.2-4 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume surface pilose; hairy above. Lower glume margins ciliate. Lower glume hairs white. Lower glume apex truncate. Upper glume oblong; chartaceous; without keels; 1-3 -veined. Upper glume apex truncate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret hyaline. Fertile lemma linear; hyaline; without keel; 1 -veined. Lemma apex entire; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn geniculate; 15-25 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn ciliate. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 2.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Papuasia. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. Chaianan.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New Guinea, Northern Territory, Western Australia

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Germainia truncatiglumis (F.Muell. ex Benth.) Chai-Anan appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 18, 1986 Mueller F. [s.n.], Northern Territory K001050206 isotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 6: 45 (1972)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Henty, E.E. (1969). A manual of the grasses of New Guinea: 1-215. Division of Botany, Dpt. of Forests, LAE, New Guinea.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0