1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Calamagrostis Adans.
      1. Calamagrostis cephalantha Pilg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peru to NW. Argentina.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 2.5-4 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-1.2 mm long. Leaf-blades involute; 1-2 cm long; 1 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy on both sides.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath. Panicle contracted; ovate; 0.7-1.7 cm long; 0.5-0.7 cm wide. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels glabrous, or puberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 4.7-5.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent. Floret callus hairs 0.6-1 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 4.7-5.2 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent. Floret callus hairs 0.6-1 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 4.7-5.2 mm long; 1.3 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 3.5-4 mm long; membranous; without keel. Lemma apex dentate; 3-4 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.33 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 4.5-5.5 mm long overall; with twisted column. Rhachilla extension 2.3-2.8 mm long; pilose; with 2.5-3 mm long hairs.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp. Hilum punctiform. Disseminule comprising a floret.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Tovar 1995.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Peru

    Calamagrostis cephalantha Pilg. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 42: 61 (1908)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0