1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Gouinia E.Fourn. ex Benth. & Hook.f.
      1. Gouinia brasiliensis (S.Moore) Swallen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia to W. Central Brazil and N. Argentina.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Rhizomes short; knotty. Culms erect; 70-160 cm long. Leaf-sheaths longer than adjacent culm internode; smooth, or scaberulous; pilose. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5 mm long. Leaf-blades 10-35 cm long; 5-12 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface smooth. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 10-14; borne along a central axis; spreading, or drooping; unilateral; 4-16 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 20-40 cm long. Rhachis angular. Raceme-bases brief; pubescent, or pilose. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-5 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 8-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-6 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1-5 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 5.5-7 mm long; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex emarginate, or obtuse; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 8 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliate. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 5-20 mm long overall. Palea 1 length of lemma. Palea keels ciliate. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; lanceolate. Apical sterile lemmas awned.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    South America: western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Swallen.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil West-Central

    Gouinia brasiliensis (S.Moore) Swallen appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Amer. J. Bot. 22: 36 (1935)

    Accepted by

    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0