1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Gouinia E.Fourn. ex Benth. & Hook.f.
      1. Gouinia cearensis (Ekman) Swallen

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. Brazil.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect, or scandent; 100-300 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths antrorsely scabrous; pilose. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blades 10-25 cm long; 5-12 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; pilose; hairy abaxially.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes borne along a central axis; distant; unilateral; 4-12 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 10-28 cm long. Rhachis angular. Spikelet packing lax. Raceme-bases filiform. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels linear; 2-3 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 5-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-13 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; bearded.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 5-6 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets oblong; laterally compressed; 10-13 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; bearded.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 4.5 mm long; 0.8 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute; mucronate. Upper glume elliptic; 5.5 mm long; 0.7-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex obtuse; mucronate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; 7 mm long; membranous; keeled; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliate; hairy below. Lemma margins ciliate; hairy below. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; 8-9 mm long overall. Palea surface glabrous. Palea apex awned; awns 1.5 mm long. Apical sterile florets 1 in number; barren; lanceolate. Apical sterile lemmas awned.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy. Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Swallen.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast

    Gouinia cearensis (Ekman) Swallen appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Swallen, J.R. [4358], Brazil K001075012

    First published in Amer. J. Bot. 22: 39 (1935)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0