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This species is accepted, and its native range is Nigeria to W. Central Tropical Africa.

[FWTA]

Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Rhizomatous perennial
Ecology
Of forest undergrowth.

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Rhizomes short; pachymorph; knotty. Culms erect; 40-90 cm long; firm. Lateral branches lacking, or sparse. Branch complement one; solitary. Leaves cauline; 4-14 per branch. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades elliptic, or oblong; 9-20 cm long; 20-60 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Synflorescence on a separate leafless culm. Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 2-12 fertile spikelets. Panicle contracted; ovate; 5-7 cm long. Panicle branches pubescent. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 4-14 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or ovate; laterally compressed; 20-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1 mm long; obscured by lemmas. Floret callus evident; 1.5 mm long.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 4-14 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic, or ovate; laterally compressed; 20-30 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 1 mm long; obscured by lemmas. Floret callus evident; 1.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume ovate; 2-3 mm long; 0.4-0.5 length of upper glume; herbaceous; without keels; 11-13 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 5-6 mm long; 0.6-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; herbaceous; without keels; 11-13 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile florets divergent. Fertile lemma obovate; 6-9 mm long; herbaceous; without keel; 13-21 -veined. Lemma surface puberulous; hairy below. Lemma margins ciliolate. Lemma apex obtuse. Palea 1 length of lemma; 4 -veined. Palea keels winged; narrowly winged; ciliolate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 3; obovate; membranous; veined; obtuse. Anthers 6. Stigmas 2; papillose.
Distribution
Africa: west tropical and west-central tropical.
Reference
Bambuseae. WDC.

Native to:

Cabinda, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria

Guaduella densiflora Pilg. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Feb 1, 1996 Cheek, M. [7712], Cameroon K000107929
Jan 1, 1961 Brenan, J.P.M. [9441A], Cameroon K000181821
Jan 1, 1961 Brenan, J.P.M. [9441A], Cameroon K000181824
Jan 1, 1961 Brenan, J.P.M. [9441A], Cameroon K000181823
Jan 1, 1961 Brenan, J.P.M. [9441A], Cameroon K000181822
Jan 1, 1961 Brenan, J.P.M. [9441], Cameroon K000181825
Keay [28156], Nigeria K000541912

First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 30: 123 (1901)

Accepted by

  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • in Engl., Bot. Jahrb. 30: 123 (1902).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Aedo, C., Tellería, M.T. & Velayos, M. (eds.) (1999). Bases Documentales para la Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial; Plantas vascularis y hongos: 1-414. CSIC, real jardín Botánico, Madrid.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0