1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Henrardia C.E.Hubb.
      1. Henrardia persica (Boiss.) C.E.Hubb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Turkey to Central Asia and Pakistan.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 10-28 cm long. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Leaf-sheath auricles falcate. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5 mm long. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 2-8 cm long; 1.5-4 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 1; single; erect; straight, or arcuate; smoothly terete; bilateral; 6-16 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; semiterete; 1.5-4 mm wide; glabrous on surface, or puberulous on surface; smooth on margins. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis. Rhachis internodes oblong; 6-10 mm long. Rhachis internode tip transverse. Spikelets appressed; solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1-2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 7-10 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1-2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets oblong; dorsally compressed; 7-10 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes collateral; similar; with lower wider than upper; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 1 length of upper glume; coriaceous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Lower glume surface glabrous, or puberulous. Lower glume apex obtuse. Upper glume oblong; coriaceous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or puberulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile florets appressed to rhachilla. Fertile lemma oblong; 7-8 mm long; membranous; without keel; 3-5 -veined. Lemma surface puberulous; hairy below; with clavate hairs. Lemma apex acute. Palea surface pubescent. Rhachilla extension 0.2 length of fertile floret; pubescent.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; ovate; 1.3-1.8 mm long; membranous; ciliate; hairy across the apex. Anthers 3; 1.5-2.2 mm long. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; dorsally compressed; sulcate on hilar side; 6-7 mm long; dark brown; hairy at apex. Embryo 0.3 length of caryopsis. Hilum linear; 1 length of caryopsis.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, and western Asia. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Triticeae. CEH.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Lebanon-Syria, Pakistan, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan

    Henrardia persica (Boiss.) C.E.Hubb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aucher-Eloy [2914], Iran K000979191
    Bornmüller, J. [1642], Turkey K000979190

    First published in Blumea, Suppl. 3: 17 (1946)

    Accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Bor, N.L. (1970). Flora Iranica 70: 1-573. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Mouterde, P. (1966). Nouvelle Flore du Liban et de la Syrie 1(Texte): 1-563. Éditions de l'imprimerie Catholique, Beyrouth.
    • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Pavlov, N.V. (ed.) (1956). Flora Kazakhstana 1: 1-354. Alma-Ata, Izd-vo Akademii nauk Kazakhskoi SSR.
    • Roshevitz, R.J. & al. (eds.) (1950). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 2: 1-315. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
    • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
    • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0